What are the components of an appraisal?Getting real estate can be the largest transaction some people may ever make. Whether it's a main residence, a second vacation home or one of many rentals, the purchase of real property is a complex transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to see it through.
The majority of the parties participating are quite familiar. The real estate agent is the most familiar face in the transaction. Next, the lender provides the money required to fund the deal. The title company sees to it that all areas of the transaction are completed and that the title is clear to transfer to the buyer from the seller.
So who's responsible for making sure the real estate is consistent with the purchase price? This is where the appraiser comes in. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer might expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional California licensed appraiser from South Placer Appraisal Services will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Appraisals begin with the inspectionTo ascertain an accurate status of the property, it's our duty to first conduct a thorough inspection. We must see aspects of the property first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, amenities, etc., to ensure they indeed are present and are in the condition a reasonable person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the floor plan, ensuring the square footage is correct and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, we look for any obvious features - or defects - that would affect the value of the property.
Once the site has been inspected, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of real property: paired sales analysis and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Cost ApproachThis is where the appraiser analyzes information on local construction costs, labor rates and other elements to determine how much it would cost to construct a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This estimate usually sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used predictor of value.
Sales ComparisonAppraisers are intimately familiar with the subdivisions in which they work. We innately understand the value of particular features to the residents of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent sales in the neighborhood and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property being appraised. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as upgraded appliances, additional bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject property.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachIn the case of income producing properties - rental houses for example - we may use an additional way of valuing a house. In this scenario, the amount of income the real estate generates is taken into consideration along with income produced by nearby properties to give an indicator of the current value.
Putting It All TogetherCombining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to stipulate an estimated market value for the property in question. It is important to note that while this amount is probably the most reliable indication of what a house would sell for in an open market, it probably will not be the final sales price. There are always mitigating factors such as seller motivation, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust an offer or listing price up or down. Regardless, the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. It all comes down to this: An appraiser from South Placer Appraisal Services will guarantee you attain the most accurate property value, so you can make the most informed real estate decisions.